Ports are the critical conduits of global commerce. Since the advent of the shipping container we have witnessed major innovation in the shipping industry ranging from shipbuilding to RFID to cargo screening and visibility. Maritime domain awareness has enabled dramatic improvements in managing visibility and the flow of vessels while minimizing wasted time and improving fuel consumption. When discussing maritime operations it is critically important to consider innovations across multiple modes such as rail and trucking as all must work in concert to ensure the movement of goods from origin to destination. Improving the efficient, effective and safe flow of goods through ports and across all transportation modes is a major objective of the Alliance for Transportation Innovation.